The tuna fish specie is one of the most popular fish specie in the world. It is an important commercial fish because not only is it used for fishing and recreation, it is also one of the major sea foods that are in demand all over the world.
Tuna thrives in waters that are temperate or tropical. They belong to the taxonomic group Scombridae, which is composed of about 50 species. The most common types of tuna are the yellow fin tuna fish (Thunnus albacares), the big eye tuna fish (Thunnus obesus), the blue fin tuna (Thunnus orientalis, Thunnus thynnus, and Thunnus macoyii), the albacore tuna fish (Thunnus alalunga ), and the skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis).
Tunas are fast swimmers, swimming at around 43 miles per hour, and fishing for tuna would really prove to be a challenge even to the experienced fishermen. They have an odd nickname, "Rose of the Sea," which can be attributed to the fact that unlike most fishes, the tuna fish has flesh that ranges from shades of pink to shades of dark red, making them really unique. This is due to the large quantities of myoglobin in their tissues, which is an oxygen bonder.
Tuna fishing is a sport and, at the same time, a livelihood for many. Among the most popular tuna fishing methods are the Andalusian method, fish farming or the cage system, purse seines, longline fishing, harpoon gun, using fish aggregating devices, pole and line fishing, and big game fishing. To be able to fish for tuna the right way, you should do the following:
1. You should be able to control your speed. Since tuna fish is agile by nature, learn to make them dance to your speed by using baits, distractions, etc.
2. You should be able to really pay attention to the elements of nature. Usually, when you are fishing, there are times when you would see birds diving into the ocean. This is an indication that a school of fish is nearby and most probably, you will be able to catch a tuna fish or more.
3. You should be able to pay attention to the season. During warm months, it is usually easier to catch tuna since they thrive on warm water. During cold months, they tend to hunt in deeper waters, making them harder to catch than they already are.
When fishing for tuna, you should be careful that you do not deplete the world's resources. There are lots of news lately that the tuna fish is being overfished, and some areas in the world are already undergoing rehabilitation of their tuna species to make sure that they produce more than they are being consumed. Be responsible.